Quantitation of somatostatin receptor type 2 gene expression in neuroblastoma cell lines and primary tumors using competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction

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Published on Sunday, 06 October 2013

Abstract

We previously reported the presence of somatostatin (SS-14)-binding sites in a wide panel of human neuroblastoma (NB) tumor cell lines. Given that the adrenal gland and its relative embryonal and adult tumors express an abundance of mRNA for somatostatin receptor type 2 (sst2) mRNA, we studied the quantitative expression of sst2 in 6 NB cell lines and 15 primary tumors using competitive reverse transcription (RT)-PCR.

This method uses an insertion mutant of the target gene as a competitor for the RT-PCR reaction, thus allowing exact quantitation of sst2 mRNA abundance. We found expression of specific transcripts for sst2 in all of the NB cell lines and tumors investigated (range, 9 x 10(5)-4 x 10(9) molecules/microg RNA).

In NB cells, the expression of sst2 was highly correlated with SS-14-binding sites (R = 0.93). In primary tumors, sst2 was positively related to the expression of the neuroendocrine marker secretogranin II (P < 0.05) and negatively related to N-myc amplification (a poor prognostic factor, P < 0.005) and metastatic dissemination (P < 0.05).

In addition, Kaplan-Meier curves indicate that sst2 expression is positively related to survival (P = 0.01). In a patient with stage IVs disease (a spontaneously regressing form), we found the highest sst2 expression (4 x 10(9) molecules/microgram RNA), a value relatively similar to that of normal adrenal.

In conclusion, these data indicate that quantitation of sst2, as assessed with competitive RT-PCR, could represent a new prognostic tool in the neuroendocrine tumor NB. Since sst2 recognizes octreotide with high affinity, these findings could also have both diagnostic and therapeutic value.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

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- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

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- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH.