1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibits in vitro invasiveness through the extracellular matrix and in vivo pulmonary metastasis of B16 mouse melanoma

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Published on Tuesday, 11 November 2014

Abstract

We investigated the role of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3) in modulating tumor cell invasiveness through the extracellular matrix (ECM) and pulmonary metastasis in B16 mouse melanoma.

The pretreatment of B16 cells for 48 hours with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 significantly inhibited in vitro invasiveness through the ECM by a mechanism that is not directly correlated with the inhibition of cell proliferation. When cells were treated with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 for only 8 hours during the assay, no inhibitory effect was observed, suggesting that pretreatment with the hormone for more than 8 hours is necessary to inhibit the invasive potential of B16 cells. The activity of B16 cells to adhere to reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) and type IV collagenolysis was inhibited by pretreatment of the cells with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 for 48 hours. Cell motility was not influenced by the hormone.

Mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 3 x 106 B16 cells and were given 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 (0.5 microg/kg) or vehicle daily for 28 days, beginning 1 day after tumor inoculation.

In the 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-treated group, no significant inhibition in exponential tumor growth, body weight, and serum level of calcium was observed until the twenty-eighth day. The mean serum concentration of the hormone was about 50 ng/mL, and there were no significant changes in its concentration during the treatment period.

In both spontaneous and experimental metastasis models of tumor-bearing mice, treatment with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 inhibited pulmonary metastasis.

These findings suggest that 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 acts on B16 cells, inhibiting invasiveness through the ECM that is caused by the inhibition of cell adhesion to the ECM and the degradation of the ECM by the cells. 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 may have the potential to inhibit metastasis by a mechanism that is not exclusively based on its anti-cell proliferative effect.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);


 


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- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- A Retrospective Observational Study on Cases of Sarcoma Treated with the Di Bella Method: Rationale and Effectiveness;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

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- A retrospective observational study on cases of anaplastic brain tumors treated with the Di Bella Method: A rationale and effectiveness;

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- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment.