Novel 20-epi-vitamin D3 analog combined with 9-cis-retinoic acid markedly inhibits colony growth of prostate cancer cells

Published on Tuesday, 31 March 2015


BACKGROUND: 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D) and retinoids may play an important role in preventing progression of prostate cancer.

METHODS: We examined the ability of four novel 20-epi-vitamin D3 analogs (CB1093, KH1060, KH1266, and CB1267), either alone or in combination with 9-cis retinoic acid (RA) to inhibit colony growth of a human prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, using soft agar as well as bone marrow stroma. Also, the effect of these analogs on the cell cycle and expression of Ki-67, p21(waf-1), and p27(kip1) in LNCaP cells was examined.

RESULTS: The analog CB1267 was the most potent, with 8 x 10(-10) M of the analog inhibiting 50% colony growth (ED50) of LNCaP. 9-cis-RA also inhibited colony growth of LNCaP (ED50, 5 x 10(-7) M). Combined, CB1267 and 9-cis-RA synergistically inhibited colony growth and significantly increased the number of LNCaP cells in G0/G1 phase. Cell cycle arrest was associated with increased levels of p21(waf-1) and p27(kip1) and decreased expression of Ki-67 protein. Pulse-exposure to this combination (5 x 10(-8) M) irreversibly inhibited colony growth, both in soft agar and on normal human bone marrow stroma.

CONCLUSIONS: Combination of a new vitamin D3 analog (CB1267) and a retinoid (9-cis-RA) potently inhibited colony formation of LNCaP prostate cancer cells in vitro, suggesting further studies in animal models. This combination may afford an interesting therapeutic approach to low-burden prostate cancer.



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See also Vitamin D and cancer and All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives).