1alpha,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 inhibits HGF synthesis and secretion from MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells

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Published on Wednesday, 09 March 2016

Abstract

Several mesenchymally derived cells, including osteoblasts, secrete hepatocyte growth factor (HGF).

1alpha,25(OH)(2)-vitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] inhibits proliferation and induces differentiation of MG-63 osteoblastic cells.

Here we show that MG-63 cells secrete copious amounts of HGF and that 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) inhibits HGF production. MG-63 cells also express HGF receptor (c-Met) mRNA, suggesting an autocrine action of HGF.

Indeed, although exogenous HGF failed to stimulate cellular proliferation, neutralizing endogenous HGF with a neutralizing antibody inhibited MG-63 cell proliferation; moreover, inhibiting HGF synthesis with 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) followed by addition of HGF rescued hormone-induced inhibition of proliferation.

Nonneutralized cells displayed constitutive phosphorylation of c-Met and the mitogen-activated protein kinases mitogen/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) 1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) 1/2, which were inhibited by anti-HGF antibody.

Constitutive phosphorylation of Erk1/2 was also abolished by 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). Addition of HGF to MG-63 cells treated with neutralizing HGF antibody induced rapid phosphorylation of c-Met, MEK1, and Erk1/2. Thus endogenous HGF induces a constitutively active, autocrine mitogenic loop in MG-63 cells.

The known antiproliferative effect of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) on MG-63 cells can be accounted for by the concomitant 1,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced inhibition of HGF production.

 

 

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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer.