1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its analogues down-regulate cell invasion-associated proteases in cultured malignant cells

Published on Thursday, 11 January 2018


Vitamin D and its derivatives (deltanoids) are potent regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation. Targeted production of proteolytic enzymes like serine proteases and metalloproteinases is an important part of the invasive process of cancer cells.

Treatment with 1 alpha25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] decreases the invasive properties of breast carcinoma cells. Here we have analyzed the effects of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and its synthetic analogues on the secretion and cell surface association of the components of the plasminogen activator (PA) system and on the secretion of certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors in MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma cells.

Deltanoids were able to decrease the secretion of urokinase PA and tissue-type PA activity in a dose-dependent manner and to increase PA inhibitor 1 secretion, leading to reduced total PA activity. CB1093 was the most potent analogue, effective at concentrations several logarithms lower than 1alpha,25(OH)2D3.

Transient transfection of different urokinase PA promoter reporter constructs to HT-1080 fibrosarcoma indicator cells indicated that vitamin D-responsive sequences were located between nucleotides -2350 and -1870 in the 5' region of the promoter.

Treatment of MDA-MB-231 cells with 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 or other deltanoids also resulted in decreased MMP-9 levels in association with increased tissue inhibitor of MMP 1 activity. Membrane-type 1-MMP expression or proteolytic processing were not appreciably affected by deltanoids.

Vitamin D and its analogues caused a decrease in Matrigel invasion assays of MDA-MB-231 cells. Cancer cell invasion is associated with coordinated secretion of proteolytic enzymes and their inhibitors.

Vitamin D and its derivatives can evidently influence invasive processes by two means: (a) decreasing the expression and activity of cell invasion-associated serine proteases and metalloproteinases; and (b) inducing their inhibitors.



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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol/synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.