1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and retonic acid analogues induce differentiation in breast cancer cells with function- and cell-specific additive effects

Published on Wednesday, 13 June 2018


Vitamin D3 derivatives and retinoids can induce cell cycle arrest, differentiation and cell death in many cell lines.

These compounds can act cooperatively in some of their functions and may be of potential use either individually or in combination in the treatment of breast cancer.

The effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and several analogues were evaluated on malignant phenotypic traits of breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, T-47D and MDA-MB-231. Both 1,25(OH)2D3 and ATRA caused a decrease in anchorage independent colony formation in MCF-7 and T-47D cells in a dose-dependent manner.

The effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 10(-10) and 10(-9) M were synergistic with ATRA 10(-8) M in T-47D cells but were antagonistic in both MCF-7 and in T-47D cells at most concentrations. Both 1,25(OH)2D3 and ATRA individually induced an accumulation of MCF-7 cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle and an associated increase in p21WAFI/CiP1, p27KiP1 and a dephosphorylation of Rb but the effects were not additive. Both compounds inhibited the invasive capacity of MDA-MB-231 cells. 1,25(OH)2D3 but not ATRA caused an increase in E-cadherin levels in MDA-MB-231 cells. These two functions were not additive.

The compounds 1,25(OH)2D3, a noncalcemic analogue 1,25(OH)2-16-ene-23-yne-D3, ATRA, AGN195183, an RARalpha-specific agonist, and AGN190168 (tazarotene), an RARbeta/gamma-selective agonist, induced differentiation as determined by measurements of lipid droplet formation. The individual effects of 1,25(OH)2-16-ene-23-yne-D3 combined with ATRA or with tazarotene at 10(-9) M each were additive in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells on lipid formation.

The data demonstrate that both 1,25(OH)2D3, ATRA, and selected analogues induce a more differentiated phenotype in breast cancer cells with additive effects that are function- and cell-specific.


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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.