25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D metabolism in human colon cancer cells during tumor progression

Published on Thursday, 29 August 2013


RT-PCR analysis showed elevated expression of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase) and of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-24-hydroxylase (24-OHase) in well differentiated human colon carcinomas in comparison to normal mucosa. Further tumor progression is associated with a rise in 1alpha-OHase but with no significant change in 24-OHase mRNA expression.

Accordingly, HPLC analysis of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3 metabolism in freshly isolated tumor cells indicated that well to moderately differentiated colon cancers in situ are able to produce 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25-(OH)2D3) and convert it through 24-OHase activity into side-chain modified metabolites, 1,24,25-(OH)3-D3 and 1,25-(OH)2- 24-oxo-D3.

Likewise, 25-(OH)-D3 is metabolized into 24,25-(OH)2D3, 23,25-(OH)2D3, and 23,25-(OH)2-24-oxo-D3. Poorly-differentiated cancers expressed low levels of 1alpha-OHase mRNA, whereas 24-OHase was even over-expressed.

RT-PCR and HPLC analysis of vitamin D metabolism in primary culture cell clones strongly suggested that the extent of endogenously produced 1alpha,25-(OH)2-D3 was inversely related to 24-OHase activity, which could thus limit the antimitotic efficacy of 1alpha,25-(OH)2-D3 particularly at late stages of colon cancer progression.



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