Comparison of the protective effects of melatonin and amifostine on radiation-induced epiphyseal injury

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Published on Tuesday, 05 March 2019

Abstract

PURPOSE: We compared the effects of amifostine and melatonin in preventing radiation-induced epiphyseal growth plate injury in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four-week-old (65-85 g), growing male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to receive radiation alone, at 25 Gy in three fractions (group R), or this dose of fractionated radiation proceeded by prophylactic amifostine 200 mg/kg i.p. (group A), melatonin 15 mg/kg i.p. (group M), or amifostine + melatonin (group AM). The right rear extremity of each animal was irradiated while the contralateral leg was shielded from radiation, as a control. Bone growth based on the length of the tibia, femur, and overall limb was calculated 6 weeks after the treatment.

RESULTS: In groups R, A, M, and AM, the mean growth loss (GL) for the overall limb was 56.9 +/- 8.1%, 46.8 +/- 7.7%, 36.6 +/- 4.3%, and 38.5 +/- 5.1%, respectively. The limb length discrepancies (LLD) in groups R, A, M, and AM were 13.8 +/- 1.4%, 10.5 +/- 0.3%, 7.4 +/- 0.7%, and 8.8 +/- 1.1%, respectively. Differences in LLD were significant between each treatment group and group R (range: p = 0.0001-0.001). Differences in either of mean GL and LLD were not significant between groups M and AM; however both of these groups had significantly less GL and LLD than group A.

CONCLUSIONS: We observed a superior radioprotective function of melatonin over amifostine in preventing radiation-induced epiphyseal growth plate injury, without any increase in radioprotective effect by adding amifostine to melatonin.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

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- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

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- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

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