Interactions of vitamin D analogue CB1093, TNFalpha and ceramide on breast cancer cell apoptosis

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Published on Wednesday, 30 November -0001

Abstract

Mechanisms by which vitamin D analogues promote apoptosis in tumour cells are unclear. In this study we have examined possible interactions between the synthetic vitamin D analogue CB1093 and two other known mediators of apoptosis, TNFalpha and ceramide, in MCF-7, T47D and Hs578T breast cancer cells.

These studies indicated that cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) is involved in CB1093 as well as TNFalpha-mediated cell death. CB1093 promoted both TNFalpha and ceramide-induced c-PLA(2) activation, which was inversely related to loss of cell viability in MCF-7 and Hs578T cells. TNFalpha alone (5-20 ng/ml) failed to induce cytotoxicity and activation of cPLA(2) in T47D cells. However, pretreatment of these cells with CB1093 potentiated C(2)-ceramide-induced cPLA(2) activation and cell death.

Treatment with CB1093 alone induced loss of cell viability and DNA fragmentation in all three cell lines by 5 days and these effects were accompanied by activation of cPLA(2).

Furthermore, co-treatment with the cPLA(2) inhibitor AACOCF(3) led to partial protection against loss of cell viability induced by CB1093 in Hs578T and T47D cells as well as MCF-7 cells.

The broad-spectrum caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk prevented TNFalpha but not C(2)-ceramide and CB1093-mediated release of arachidonic acid and cell death in MCF-7 cells.

These results indicate that CB1093 potentiates responsiveness of breast cancer cells to TNFalpha and suggest that ceramide and/or cPLA(2) might be involved as downstream effectors in vitamin D-mediated caspase-independent cell death.

 

 

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