Effects of the somatostatin analog lanreotide on the circulating levels of chromogranin-A, prostate-specific antigen, and insulin-like growth factor-1 in advanced prostate cancer patients

Published on Wednesday, 15 October 2014


BACKGROUND: The concept that neuroendocrine cells detected within prostate adenocarcinoma produce paracrine factors, that may exert a proliferative effect on exocrine prostate tumor cells, provides a rationale for the use of somatostatin analogs with the aim to counteract or delay the tumor progression. This study was designed to provide preliminary information on the effect of the administration of a long-acting somatostatin analog, lanreotide, on plasma levels of chromogranin A (CgA). Secondary aims were the evaluation of changes in circulating prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1).

METHODS: Lanreotide (Ipstyl 30 mg; Ipsen, Milan, Italy) was administered intramuscularly every 14 days for 2 months to nine heavily pretreated prostate cancer patients with hormone refractory disease. All patients had, at baseline conditions, CgA values above the normal range. Androgen deprivation was maintained during the study period, while other concomitant antineoplastic treatments were not allowed. Serum PSA levels and plasma CgA and IGF-1 values were measured every week.

RESULTS: Lanreotide treatment was very well tolerated and no patient experienced major toxicity. Plasma CgA values at baseline: mean 109 U/liter, standard deviation +/- 85 decreased significantly after treatment as follows: 42 U/liter, +/- 17.8; 27.2 U/liter +/- 13.6; 31.4 U/liter, +/- 17.8 and 27.6 U/liter, +/- 17.0; after 7, 14, 21, and 28 days, respectively (P < 0.01, Friedman ANOVA). Serum PSA did not change. Baseline IGF-1 was found to be above the detection limit in four cases, all of them showing a decrease after lanreotide.

CONCLUSIONS: Lanreotide administration to prostate cancer patients induces a decrease in plasma CgA and IGF-1 levels, without any influence on serum PSA values.



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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.