Regulation of prostate cancer cell proliferation by somatostatin receptor activation

Published on Wednesday, 21 August 2013


Although some evidence supports the antitumoral effects of somatostatin (SRIF) and related agonists, the available data in prostate cancer (PCa) model systems and clinical studies are few, conflicting and not conclusive. This study investigated the effects of lanreotide and new mono- and bi-specific SRIF agonists on proliferation, ligand-driven SRIF receptor (sst) dimerization and secretory pattern of the IGF system in LNCaP cells, a model of androgen-dependent PCa.

LNCaP expressed all sst(s), but sst(4). Among them, sst(1) and sst(3) were inversely regulated by serum concentration. sst(1)/sst(2) and sst(2)/sst(5) dimers were constitutively present and further stabilized by treatment with BIM-23704 (sst(1)/sst(2)) and BIM-23244 (sst(2)/sst(5)), respectively.

Dose-response studies showed that lanreotide and BIM-23244 were significantly more potent in inhibiting LNCaP cell proliferation than BIM-23120 (sst(2)) and BIM-23206 (sst(5)) alone or in combination. Treatment with BIM-23926 [corrected] (sst(1)) markedly reduced cell proliferation, whereas exposure to BIM-23704 resulted in a lower cell growth inhibition.

The antiproliferative effects of BIM-23244, lanreotide and BIM-23704 were unchanged, reduced and abolished by the sst(2) antagonist BIM-23627, respectively. All SRIF analogs caused a significant induction in p27(KipI) and p21 and down-regulation of protein expression of cyclin E, as well as reduced IGF-I and IGF-II secretion. In particular, the administration of exogenous IGF-I, at variance to IGF-II, counteracted the inhibitory effect on cell proliferation of these compounds. Moreover, SRIF agonists reduced endogenous IGFBP-3 proteolysis.

These results show that, in LNCaP cells, activation of sst(1) and sst(2)/sst(5) results in relevant antiproliferative/antisecretive actions.


About this publication (Note: see Corrigendum below!).

See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);


- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- A retrospective observational study on cases of anaplastic brain tumors treated with the Di Bella Method: A rationale and effectiveness;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer.