Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Colorectal Cancer Before and After Treatment Initiation

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Published on Wednesday, 08 August 2018

Abstract

PURPOSE: We aimed to described 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in newly diagnosed colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and to re-evaluate levels after chemotherapy.

METHODS: Permanent residents of the San Francisco Bay Area with a new CRC diagnosis of any stage were recruited prior to any non-surgical therapy. Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured at time of diagnosis and 6-month follow-up. Supplement use was not restricted. The primary endpoint was the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in patients with newly diagnosed CRC of all stages. The Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation tests were used to evaluate associations of patient characteristics with 25(OH)D levels.

RESULTS: Median 25(OH)D level at baseline was 27.0 ng/mL (range 7.2, 59.0); 65% of patients had insufficient levels (25(OH)D  <30 ng/mL) (n = 94). Race, disease stage, multivitamin use, vitamin D supplementation, and county of residence were associated with baseline 25(OH)D levels (P  <0.05). The median change in 25(OH)D from baseline to 6 months was - 0.7 ng/mL [- 19.4, 51.7] for patients treated with chemotherapy (n = 58) and 1.6 ng/mL [- 6.4, 33.2] for patients who did not receive chemotherapy (n = 19) (P = 0.26). For patients who received vitamin D supplementation during chemotherapy, the median 25(OH)D change was 8.3 ng/mL [- 7.6, 51.7] versus - 1.6 [- 19.4, 24.3] for chemotherapy patients who did not take vitamin D supplements (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION: Among patients with a new diagnosis of CRC, most patients were found to have 25(OH)D levels consistent with either deficiency or insufficiency. In the subset of patients who received chemotherapy and took a vitamin D supplement, serum 25(OH)D levels increased, suggesting that vitamin D repletion is a feasible intervention during chemotherapy.

 

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See also:

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.