Somatostatin receptor SSTR2A and SSTR5 expression in neuroendocrine breast cancer

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Published on Wednesday, 05 December 2018

Abstract

Neuroendocrine breast cancer (NEBC) is a group of rare tumors, which could benefit from therapy targeting the somatostatin receptors (SSTRs). In particular, SSTR2A and SSTR5 are potential targets given their consistent expression in gastrointestinal and pancreatic primary and metastatic neuroendocrine cancers.

Currently, there are no studies describing the expression of SSTRs in NEBC. The purpose of our study was to characterize the immunohistochemical expression of SSTR2A and SSTR5 in a cohort of NEBC.

Thirty-one primary NEBC cases were analyzed, and SSTR2A and SSTR5 immunohistochemistry performed and scored using the modified immunoreactive score proposed by Remmele and Stanger.

All patients were females with a mean age of 66.6 years (SD = 14). 77% of cases were histological grade 2. SSTR2A showed a weak positivity in 11 cases (35.5%), moderate positivity in 6 cases (19.4%) and strong positivity in 5 cases (16.1%). Nine cases were negative for SSTR2A (29%). SSTR5 showed a weak positivity in 16 cases (51.6%), moderate positivity in 6 cases (19.4%), while no cases showed strong positivity. Nine cases were negative for SSTR5 (29%). Five cases were negative for both SSTR2A and SSTR5. A weak to moderate SSTR2A and SSTR5 expression was observed in 50-70% of the cases. A subset of NEBCs with strong SSR2A expression may benefit from SSTRs targeted therapy.

These results need further validation in a larger series including metastatic NEBC, to provide potential therapeutic targets for patients with advanced disease.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.