Chemopreventive effects of early-stage and late-stage supplementation of vitamin E and selenium on esophageal carcinogenesis in rats maintained on a low vitamin E/selenium diet

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Published on Monday, 04 February 2019

Abstract

Low vitamin E and selenium (Ve/Se) nutritional status is known to be associated with increased risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

A previous human intervention trial demonstrated that Ve/Se supplementation decreased the occurrence of esophageal cancer death among younger participants but not among older ones. In this study, we intended to mimic this human nutritional status to determine the chemopreventive effects of Ve/Se supplementation at the early or late stage of esophageal carcinogenesis in rats maintained on a low Ve/Se diet.

ESCC was induced in F344 rats with N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBzA) (0.35 mg/kg body wt, subcutaneously, three times per week for 5 weeks). The rats were maintained on a modified AIN-93M diet with low levels of Ve/Se or supplementation to the normal level by using the AIN-93M diet.

At Week 25, the numbers of visible tumors and ESCC were significantly lower in rats on AIN-93M diet during the entire experimental period (Group D) or during the early stage (Group B) but not during the late stage (Group C).

Ve/Se supplementation (switching from the low Ve/Se diet to the AIN-93M diet) also decreased cell proliferation, angiogenesis, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine, biosynthesis of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4, expression of cyclooxygenase 2 and 5-lipoxygenase in the esophagus.

Our results demonstrated that Ve/Se supplementation inhibited NMBzA-induced esophageal carcinogenesis in rats on low Ve/Se diet, and supplementation during the early stage is more effective than during the late stage of carcinogenesis.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- The Di Bella Method (A Variable Part - Selenium methonine, 40 μg capsules, twice a day);

- Beta-Carotene or β-carotene in Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.