The Impact of Different Extracellular Matrices on Melatonin Effect in Proliferation and Stemness Properties of Ovarian Cancer Cells

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Published on Thursday, 11 June 2020

Abstract

Aim: Endogenous melatonin has numerous physiological roles on modulating the function of different organs. Recent studies revealed oncostatic and protective effects of this molecule on tumor development. In this study, we examined the impact of melatonin and key underlying mechanisms on stemness, morphology, invasiveness and viability of SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells in different types of extracellular matrix.

Methods: Cell viability was evaluated by MTT Assay. Colony-forming assay was performed by seeding 4×103 cells on different matrices in six well-plate. The percentage of cancer stem like cells was determined by flow cytometric assay after applying antibodies against stemness markers, CD133 and CD44. Different types of extracellular matrix including fibronectin, gelatin, collagen and matrigel were applied to incubate the cells in the presence of melatonin. Downstream gene expressions including VEGF and E-cadherin were determined by Real-time PCR.

Results: Melatonin (0.1mM) decreased the percentage of viable cells up to 61.79±8.2% (p<0.05). Colony formation assay revealed the significant impact of melatonin in inhibition of colony formation in these cells. The maximum effect was shown in the cells incubated with melatonin on gelatin (p<0.05). Identification of stemness markers showed that applying matrigel caused significant increase in the percentage of cancer stem like cells compared to other types of extracellular matrix (p<0.05). However melatonin slightly diminished the number of stem cell like cells in all incubated matrices. Our results from gene expression assays revealed that melatonin induced a marked increase in E-cadherin along with decrease in VEGF expression levels (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Our results suggest that interaction between ovarian cancer cells and neighboring matrices determines the subsequent anti invasive activities of melatonin.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

- Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication: Melatonin anticancer effects: Review (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication: Key aspects of melatonin physiology: 30 years of research (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.