Radiomitigation by Melatonin in C57BL/6 Mice: Possible Implications as Adjuvant in Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy

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Published on Friday, 29 April 2022

Abstract

Background/aim: Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), a chief secretory molecule of the pineal gland, has multiple properties, and numerous clinical investigations regarding its actions are in progress. This study investigated the radiomitigative role of melatonin in C57BL/6 mice.

Materials and methods: Melatonin (100 mg/kg) was orally administered once daily starting at 1 h on day 1 and subsequently every 24 h until day 7 after whole-body irradiation (WBI) and survival was monitored for 30 days. The bone marrow, spleen, and intestine were studied to evaluate the mitigative potential of melatonin after radiation-induced damage.

Results: Melatonin significantly improved the survival upto 60% and 90% after 9 Gy (lethal) and 7.5 Gy (sub-lethal) WBI, respectively. Melatonin alleviated WBI-induced myelosuppression and pancytopenia, and increased white blood cell, red blood cell, platelet, and lymphocyte (CD4+ and CD8+) counts in peripheral blood. Bone marrow and spleen cellularity were restored through enhanced haematopoiesis. Melatonin ameliorated the damage in the small intestine, and promoted recovery of villi length, crypts number, and goblet cell count.

Conclusion: Melatonin mitigates the radiation-induced injury in the gastrointestinal and haematopoietic systems. The observed radiomitigative properties of melatonin can also be useful in the context of adjuvant therapy for cancer and radiotherapy.

 

About this publication.

See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

Melatonin use in cancer patients have started in 1974, when melatonin prepared according to Prof. Di Bella’s formulation [...]. For 11 days was administered to the patient, admitted to the general medical ward at the Maggiore-Pizzardi Hospital in Bologna, very slowly (over approx. 8 hours) and intravenously administered 1000 mg of melatonin for 11 days. During the course of each day, the patient was intravenously administered 4 saline drips of 500 ml, each containing ten 25 mg bottles of freeze-dried melatonin, lasting 2 hours, totaling 1000 mg per day. No other drug of any kind was administered in order to ascertain the effect of the MLT without interference [...]. From Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication: Melatonin anticancer effects: Review (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication: Key aspects of melatonin physiology: 30 years of research (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid, 2–4 grams, twice a day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);


 


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- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

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- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

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- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

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- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report.