Use of long-acting somatostatin analog SMS 201-995 in patients with pancreatic islet cell tumors

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Published on Tuesday, 20 January 2015

Abstract

Natural somatostatin reduces plasma concentrations of many peptides, and is of short term benefit in patients with islet cell tumors, but has to be given as a continuous intravenous infusion.

We review the published experience with the long acting synthetic somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 in patients with islet cell tumors.

Fifteen of 18 patients with vasoactive intestinal peptide-producing tumors, 8 of 8 patients with glucagonomas, 7 of 7 patients with unresectable insulinomas, and 3 of 3 patients with growth hormone releasing factor-producing tumors had a good sustained symptomatic response to SMS 201-995.

Patients with benign insulinomas responded variably and are best treated by surgery. Patients with gastrinomas are best treated by oral gastric antisecretory agents. In all these syndromes, the clinical response to SMS 201-995 did not necessarily parallel the change in plasma concentration of marker peptide, suggesting that SMS 201-995 may have actions at various sites.

The effect of SMS 201-995 on tumor size has been assessed in 46 patients, less than 20% of whom showed a reduction in tumor size. Side effects have been mild, but include steatorrhea and gastrointestinal disturbances. More studies will be required to fully assess the effects of long-term administration of SMS 201-995.

 

 

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