Synergistic antitumor effects of a combination of interferons and retinoic acid on human tumor cells in vitro and in vivo

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Published on Monday, 16 May 2016

Abstract

Solid tumors are relatively resistant to growth inhibition by IFNs. To enhance sensitivity, we assessed combinations of IFNs with all-trans-retinoic acid (RA).

Antiproliferative studies in vitro suggested that the growth of three human breast carcinomas (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and MDA-MB-468), an ovarian carcinoma (NIH-OVCAR-3), and a malignant melanoma (SK-MEL-1) was inhibited to a greater degree by combination treatment with human IFN-beta and RA compared to single agents.

Some of these cell lines were resistant to 10-100 IU/ml human IFN-alpha2b or IFN-beta or to 0.1-1.0 microM RA. Growth was inhibited significantly by combinations of IFNs and RA in all cell lines tested, and in some cases, cytotoxicity was observed.

Sequential treatment of MCF-7 cells with RA followed by IFN-beta was more effective at inhibiting growth than treatment with IFN-beta followed by RA, suggesting that RA modulated the anticellular response of IFN-beta rather than the converse.

In nude mice, the growth of MCF-7 and NIH-OVCAR-3 tumors was suppressed completely when combination treatment was started 2 days after tumor inoculation.

Established, 6-week-old NIH-OVCAR-3 tumors underwent regression when treated with the combination of IFN-beta and RA but not with single-agent therapy.

Together with our recent studies that demonstrated enhancement of IFN-stimulated gene expression by RA pretreatment in IFN-resistant cells, these data suggest that combination treatment with RA and IFNs may increase IFN-stimulated gene expression in IFN-resistant tumors, leading to augmented antitumor effects.

 

 

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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.