Expression of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) messenger ribonucleic acid and the presence of biologically active GHRH in human breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers

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Published on Thursday, 23 March 2017

Abstract

GHRH is produced in a variety of extrahypothalamic tissues, including some neoplasms. We have previously reported that GHRH antagonists can inhibit the growth of various human cancers xenografted into nude mice. These observations suggest that locally produced GHRH might directly affect tumor cell proliferation.

To investigate this possibility, we have examined the local production of GHRH in human endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancers obtained after surgery or grown in nude mice as xenografts. We have also examined whether the GHRH produced in these tumors is biologically active.

RT-PCR and Southern blotting showed expression of messenger ribonucleic acid for GHRH in 17 of 22 endometrial and 17 of 22 ovarian cancer specimens and in all of the human endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer xenografts studied.

Acid extracts of endometrial cancer specimens and breast cancer xenografts that expressed the GHRH gene contained immunoreactive GHRH peptide, as assessed by RIA for GHRH. The level of immunoreactive GHRH detected was equivalent to 2.7-6.4 ng GHRH-(1-29)/g tissue. Purified extract from one of these tumor samples induced a powerful stimulation of GH release from rat pituitary cells.

The presence of biologically and immunologically active GHRH and messenger ribonucleic acid for GHRH in human breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers supports the hypothesis that locally produced GHRH may play a role in the proliferation of these tumors.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);


 


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- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

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