Inhibition of growth of prostatic cancer cell lines by peptide analogues of insulin-like growth factor 1

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Published on Wednesday, 28 March 2018

Abstract

We have investigated three prostatic cancer cell lines, PC-3, DU-145, and LNCa.FGC, and found that all three cell lines can grow in serum-free medium without the addition of exogenous growth factors.

All three cell lines produce substantial amounts of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) that is secreted in the medium and they all display constitutively autophosphorylated IGF-1 receptors; two of the cell lines overexpress IGF-1 receptor RNA.

The growth of all three cell lines is inhibited by an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to IGF-1 receptor RNA or by peptide analogues of IGF-1 that compete with IGF-1 binding to its receptor.

Our results indicate that these three cell lines grow by an autocrine loop in which the overproduced IGF-1 activates its receptor. Interference with the activation of the receptor leads to cessation of growth.

 

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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck.