Effects of somatostatin analogue RC-160 and bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide antagonists on the growth of human small-cell and non-small-cell lung carcinomas in nude mice

Published on Tuesday, 25 November 2014


We investigated the effects of our synthetic bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) antagonists and somatostatin analogue RC-160 on the growth of human small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small-cell lung carcinoma (non-SCLC) lines in nude mice.

Athymic nude mice bearing xenografts of the SCLC NCl-H69 line or non-SCLC NCl-H157 line were treated for 5 and 4 weeks, respectively, with somatostatin analogue RC-160 or various bombesin/GRP antagonists. RC-160, administered s.c. peritumorally at a dose of 100 micrograms per animal per day, inhibited the growth of H69 SCLC xenografts as shown by more than 70% reduction in tumour volumes and weights, as compared with the control group.

Bombesin/GRP antagonists, RC-3440, RC-3095 and RC-3950-II, given s.c. peritumorally at a dose of 20 micrograms per animal per day, also inhibited the growth of H69 SCLC tumours. RC-3950-II had the greatest inhibitory effect and decreased tumour volume and weights by more than 80%.

The growth of H-157 non-SCLC xenografts was significantly reduced by treatment with RC-160, but not with bombesin/GRP antagonist RC-3095. In mice bearing either tumour model, administration of RC-160 significantly decreased serum growth hormone and gastrin levels.

Specific high-affinity receptors for bombesin and somatostatin were found on membranes of SCLC H69 tumours, but not on non-SCLC H157 tumours. Receptor analyses demonstrated high-affinity binding sites for epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on the membranes of H69 and H157 tumours. EGF receptors were down-regulated on H69 tumours after treatment with RC-160 and bombesin/GRP antagonists. The concentration of binding sites for EGF and IGF-I on the H157 tumours was decreased after treatment with RC-160, but bombesin/GRP antagonist RC-3095 had no effect.

These results demonstrate that bombesin/GRP antagonists inhibit the growth of H-69 SCLC, but not of H-157 non-SCLC xenografts in nude mice, whereas somatostatin analogue RC-160 is effective in both tumour models.

This raises the possibility that these peptide analogues could be used selectively in the treatment of various subclasses of lung cancer.



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See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.