Phase II evaluation of temozolomide and 13-cis-retinoic acid for the treatment of recurrent and progressive malignant glioma: a North American Brain Tumor Consortium study

Published on Wednesday, 16 September 2015


PURPOSE: Temozolomide (TMZ) and 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA) have shown activity in prior single-agent trials of recurrent malignant gliomas (MG). This phase II trial evaluated efficacy and toxicity of combination temozolomide and cRA treatment in recurrent MG.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adults with recurrent supratentorial MG for whom surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy failed were eligible. Treatment included oral TMZ 150 or 200 mg/m2/d, days 1 through 5, and cRA 100 mg/m2/d, days 1 to 21, every 28 days. Primary end point was progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS 6); secondary end points included response, survival, and PFS12.

RESULTS: Eighty-eight eligible patients (glioblastoma multiforme [n = 40]; anaplastic gliomas [n = 48; astrocytoma, 28; oligodendroglioma, 14; mixed glioma, six]) received treatment. PFS 6 was 43% (95% confidence interval [CI], 33% to 54%) and PFS12 was 16% (95% CI, 10% to 26%). Median overall PFS was 19 weeks (95% CI, 16 to 27 weeks), and median overall survival (OS) was 47 weeks (95% CI, 36 to 58 weeks). OS was 46% (95% CI, 36% to 57%) at 52 weeks and 21% (95% CI, 13% to 31%) at 104 weeks. Of 84 assessable patients, there were two (3%) complete responses and eight (12%) partial responses (complete plus partial response, 15%). Among 499 treatment cycles, the most common grade 3/4 events included granulocytopenia (1.8%), thrombocytopenia (1.4%), and hypertriglyceridemia (1.2%).

CONCLUSION: TMZ and cRA were active, exceeding our 20% thresholds for PFS 6 success, assuming 20% improvement over our previously reported database (glioblastoma multiforme: expected, 30%; observed, 32%; anaplastic glioma: expected, 40%; observed, 50%).



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See also All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) and Clarifications from M.D. Giuseppe Di Bella regarding Temodal (Temozolomide) and others chemotherapeutic drugs.