Abrogation of transforming growth factor-alpha/epidermal growth factor receptor autocrine signaling by an RXR-selective retinoid (LGD1069, Targretin) in head and neck cancer cell lines

Published on Monday, 22 February 2016


Clinical studies have demonstrated that retinoids, including retinol (Vitamin A) and its synthetic derivatives, can eradicate leukoplakia and suppress the formation of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).

Nonselective retinoids have been shown to abrogate transcriptional activation of transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which characterize SCCHN.

LGD1069 (Targretin) is a potent RXR-selective retinoic acid agonist with a reduced toxicity profile compared with other nonselective retinoids.

We examined the effect of LGD1069 (10 microm) on cellular proliferation and expression of putative intermediate biomarker genes including TGF-alpha, EGFR, and RAR-beta in seven SCCHN cell lines.

A quantitative reverse transcription-PCR assay using a novel "primer dropping" method was used to determine expression levels of EGFR, TGF-alpha, and RAR-beta before and after treatment with LGD1069 (10 microM). SCCHN proliferation was reduced by a mean of 50% at 4 days in seven SCCHN cell lines after LGD1069 treatment (P < or = 0.05). EGFR expression levels were decreased by a mean of 58.4% (P = 0.007), TGF-alpha levels were decreased by a mean of 28.8% (P = 0.01), and RAR-beta levels were increased by a mean of 60% (P = 0.03). TGF-alpha stimulation of EGFR is associated with constitutive signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) activation in SCCHN. Abrogation of constitutive Stat3 activation was seen with LGD1069 treatment.

These results suggest that an RXR-selective retinoic acid decreases SCCHN proliferation in part by interfering with TGF-alpha/EGFR autocrine signaling.



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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck.