Effects of retinoic acid and tumor necrosis factor alpha on Gl-15 glioblastoma cell

Published on Friday, 09 August 2013


Glioblastomas are particularly resistant to classical antitumor treatments.

Retinoids, which proved effective in the treatment of promyelocytic leukemia, have been used for clinical assays on glioma tumors with only moderate effects; however in some cases they were active in combination with another therapy.

These observations prompted us to analyse the efficacy of combining retinoic acid (RA) with a cytokine on a clonal human glioma cell line.

On GL-15 cells, RA and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) both reduced the glial fibrillary acidic protein level and DNA synthesis and induced apoptotic pathways, but they were significantly more effective when used together.

The up-regulation of the p55 TNF receptors observed during RA exposure might explain this cooperative effect.


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