Anti-tumor effect of vitamin A and D on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Published on Thursday, 03 May 2018


OBJECTIVES: Vitamin A and D(3) have a very strong differentiation induction effect.

STUDY DESIGN: We examined the anti tumor effect on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by treatment with several vitamins having strong differentiation induction effects in vitro.

METHODS: We used KB cell that an oral floor squamous cell carcinoma, vitamins as all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), 4-[3,5-bis (trimethylsilyl) benzamido] benzoic acid (TAC-101), 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) (calcitriol) and 22-oxa-1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) (OCT). We determined receptors of vitamin A and D(3) using RT-PCR. Furthermore, we investigated the proliferation of tumor cells in concentration dependency using [3H]TdR uptake method, apoptosis and apoptosis related factors using TUNEL method and real-time PCR, cell cycle changes using flow cytometry, changing of the sensitivity of using MTT method, cytokine production and the angiogenesis factor using ELISA, by treatment with these vitamins.

RESULTS: The deficit of RAR-beta was found in the KB cell. Each vitamin suppressed the cell proliferation, induced apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest, upregulated sensitivity of the chemotherapeutics drugs and downregulated several angiogenesis factors and an apoptotic factor; survivin.

CONCLUSIONS: These results support the idea that vitamin A, D(3) and their derivatives are useful for preventing and/or treating patients with HNSCC.


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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH.