Potentiation of the inhibitory effect of growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonists on PC-3 human prostate cancer by bombesin antagonists indicative of interference with both IGF and EGF pathways

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Published on Monday, 04 June 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In view of the involvement of various neuropeptides and growth factors in the progression of androgen-independent prostate cancer, we investigated the effects of antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) alone or in combination with an antagonist of bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide (BN/GRP) on PC-3 human prostate cancers.

METHODS: Nude mice implanted with PC-3 tumors received GHRH antagonists MZ-5-156 or JV-1-38, each at 20 microgram/day s.c. In experiment 2, treatment consisted of daily injections of JV-1-38 (20 microgram), BN/GRP antagonist RC-3940-II (10 microgram), or a combination of JV-1-38 and RC-3940-II. Serum IGF-I levels, expression of mRNA for IGF-II, and characteristics of BN/GRP and EGF receptors in tumor tissue were investigated.

RESULTS: JV-1-38 induced a greater inhibition of tumor growth and suppression of IGF-II mRNA than MZ-5-156, both compounds causing a similar decrease in serum IGF-I. In experiment 2, JV-1-38 and RC-3940-II produced a comparable reduction in tumor volume (65% and 61%, respectively), but a combination of both antagonists augmented tumor inhibition to 75%. Combined treatment with JV-1-38 and RC-3940-II also led to a greater suppression of IGF-II mRNA (92%), as compared with JV-1-38 (72%) or RC-3940-II (77%). Serum IGF-I concentration was lowered only in mice treated with JV-1-38, while the downregulation of BN/GRP and EGF receptors was specific for groups receiving RC-3940-II.

CONCLUSIONS: The inhibitory effects of GHRH antagonists on PC-3 human androgen-independent prostate cancer can be potentiated by concomitant use of BN/GRP antagonists. The combination of both types of analogs apparently interferes with both IGF and bombesin/EGF pathways, and might be clinically useful for the management of androgen-independent prostate cancer.

 

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See also:

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- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis.