Physical and functional interactions between protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha, PI 3-kinase, and PKCdelta

Published on Wednesday, 16 October 2013


The somatostatin analogue, TT-232 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in a variety of tumor cells both in vivo and in vitro.

While the early transient activation of Erk/MAPK was found to be important for the induction of cell cycle arrest, the signaling pathway leading to the activation of Erk/MAPK had not been fully established.

Here we present evidence that activation of the Erk/MAPK pathway by TT-232 involves PI 3-kinase, PKCdelta and the protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha).

We show a physical interaction of PI 3-kinase and PKCdelta with PTPalpha and show that the tyrosine phosphatase plays a role in the activation of MAPK.

In this process, PTPalpha Ser-180 and Ser-204 phosphorylation is critical for the induction of phosphatase activity, which is required for dephosphorylation of pp60(c-src).

Taken together, we demonstrate the physical and functional association between PI 3-kinase, PKCdelta and PTPalpha in a signaling complex that mediates the antitumor activity of the somatostatin analogue TT-232.



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