Combined Treatments with a Retinoid Receptor Agonist and Epigenetic Modulators in Human Neuroblastoma Cells

Published on Tuesday, 22 November 2016


Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most common extracranial solid childhood tumor accounting for around 15% of pediatric cancer deaths and most probably originates from a failure in the development of embryonic neural crest cells.

Retinoids can inhibit the proliferation and stimulate differentiation of NB cells. In addition, epigenetic events involving changes in chromatin structure and DNA methylation can mediate the effects of retinoids; hence, the scope of this study is to investigate the use of retinoids and epigenetic drugs in NB cell lines.

Here, we demonstrate that the combination of retinoid all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) with inhibitors of either histone deacetylases (HDACs) or DNA methyltransferase is more effective in impairing the proliferation of human SH-SY5Y and SK-N-BE(2) NB cells than any drug given alone.

Treatments also induced differential changes on the messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of retinoid receptor subtypes and reduced the protein content of c-Myc, the neuronal markers NeuN and β-3 tubulin, and the oncoprotein Bmi1.

These results suggest that the combination of retinoids with epigenetic modulators is more effective in reducing NB growth than treatment with single drugs.



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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up.