ω-3 free fatty acids and all-trans retinoic acid synergistically induce growth inhibition of three subtypes of breast cancer cell lines

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Published on Wednesday, 28 June 2017

Abstract

All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), one of vitamin A derivatives, shows greater growth inhibition of breast cancer cell for ER-positive than ER-negative cells, while triple negative breast cancer cell such as MDA-MB-231 cell is poorly responsive to ATRA treatment.

In this study, we found that combination of ω-3 free fatty acids (ω-3 FFAs) and ATRA exhibited synergistic inhibition of cell growth in three subtypes (ER+ MCF7, HER2+ SK-BR-3, Triple negative HCC1806 and MDA-MB-231 cells) of human breast cancer cell lines.

The combined treatment of ω-3 FFAs and ATRA resulted in cell cycle arrest. ω-3 FFAs combined with ATRA synergistically provoked cell apoptosis via the caspase signals but not p53.

These findings suggest that combined chemotherapy of ω-3 FFAs with ATRA is beneficial for improvement of ATRA sensitivity in breast cancer cells.

 

 

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See also:

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonisn, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.