Expression of Somatostatin Type-2 and -4 Receptor and Correlation with Histological Type in Breast Cancer

Print
Published on Tuesday, 10 July 2018

Abstract

Background: Somatostatin is produced by hypothalamic cells and also by tumors. We were interested to evaluate the somatostatin type 2 (SSTR2) and type 4 (SSTR4) receptor expression on a large sample cohort of breast cancer cases.

Materials and Methods: We used two different Tissue Micro Arrays (TMA) to evaluate SSTR2 and SSTR4 distribution. We evaluated the correlation between SSTR2 and SSTR4 expression and 18 tumor cells markers. We also assessed SSTR mRNA expression on an independent breast cancer population and correlated levels of SSTR2 and SSTR4 expression to molecular breast cancer subtypes.

Results: 268 tumors were analyzed. The tumor overexpression of estrogen receptor was significantly correlated to the expression of SSTR2 (p=0.05) and SSTR4 (p=0.04). On principal component analysis, SSTR2 subtype characterized the luminal tumor type. On an independent breast cancer population, expression of SSTR2 and SSTR4 are independent from Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (Her2) and correlated with luminal tumors.

Conclusion: Expression of somatostatin receptors is a marker of luminal breast tumors.

About this publication.

See also:

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, LAR analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine/Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide and/or Hydroxyurea tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma.