Melatonin maximizes the therapeutic potential of non-preconditioned MSCs in a DEN-induced rat model of HCC

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Published on Tuesday, 02 April 2019

Abstract

Pretreatment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with melatonin (Mel) improves their potential therapeutic effect on chronic diseases and cancers. However, this preconditioning strategy may direct the effect of Mel toward MSCs alone and deprive cancer cells of the oncostatic effect of Mel. Herein, we hypothesized that Mel given before transplantation of non-preconditioned MSCs may maximize the therapeutic outcome via the oncostatic effect of Mel by preparing a suitable tumor microenvironment for MSCs.

Female rats (n = 60) were equally divided into 6 groups; normal control, diethylnitrosamine (DEN), DEN + Mel, DEN + MSCs, DEN + MSCs preconditioned with Mel, and DEN + MSCs + Mel.

The obtained data revealed that administration of Mel before MSCs treatment without preconditioning yielded a better ameliorative effect against DEN-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as evidenced by:

1) reduced serum levels of alpha fetoprotein and gamma-glutamyl transferase;

2) decreased number and area of glutathione S-transferase placental positive foci;

3) induced apoptosis (as indicated by increased cleaved caspase-3 activity, upregulated expression of proapoptotic genes Bax and caspase 3 and downregulated expression of anti-apoptotic genes Bcl2, survivin);

4) decreased malondialdehyde level and increased activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase enzymes;

5) reduced inflammation, angiogenesis and metastasis as indicated by downregulated expression of interleukin 1 beta, nuclear factor kappa B, vascular endothelial growth factor, and matrix metallopeptidase 9 genes and upregulated expression of metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 gene.

Thus, administration of Mel before MSCs (without preconditioning) fostered the survival and therapeutic potential of MSCs in HCC, possibly through induction of apoptosis and inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress.

This new strategy showed better therapeutic outcomes and may improve MSC-based therapies for HCC.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Melatonin tablets. From 30-40mg/day up to 200mg/day orally in patients with advanced stage of cancer disease and/or patients without respond to traditional treatments);

- Melatonin with adenosine solubilized in water and stabilized with glycine for oncological treatment - technical preparation, effectivity and clinical findings;

- About Melatonin - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response.