1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Inhibits the Metastatic Capability of MCF10CA1a and MDA-MB-231 Cells in an In Vitro Model of Breast to Bone Metastasis

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Published on Wednesday, 08 July 2020

Abstract

Breast cancer metastasis to the bone continues to be a major health problem, with approximately 80% of advanced breast cancer patients expected to develop bone metastasis.

Although the problem of bone metastasis persists, current treatment options for metastatic cancer patients are limited.

In this study, we investigated the preventive role of the active vitamin D metabolite, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), against the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells using a novel three-dimensional model (rMET) recapitulating multiple steps of the bone metastatic process.

Treatment of MCF10CA1a and MDA-MB-231 cells inhibited metastasis in the rMET model by 70% (±5.7%) and 21% (±6%), respectively.

In addition, 1,25(OH)2D treatment decreased invasiveness (20 ± 11% of vehicle) and decreased the capability of MCF10CA1a cells to survive in the reconstructed bone environment after successful invasion through the basement membrane (69 ± 5% of vehicle). An essential step in metastasis is epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).

Treatment of MCF10CA1a cells with 1,25(OH)2D increased gene (2.04 ± 0.28-fold increase) and protein (1.87 ± 0.20-fold increase) expression of E-cadherin.

Additionally, 1,25(OH)2D treatment decreased N-cadherin gene expression (42 ± 8% decrease), a marker for EMT.

Collectively, the present study suggests that 1,25(OH)2D inhibits breast cancer cell metastatic capability as well as inhibits EMT, an essential step in the metastatic process.

 

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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Dihydrotachysterol, Alfacalcidol, synthetic Vitamin D3);

- Vitamin D (analogues and/or derivatives) and cancer - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Calcium, 2 grams per day, orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature.