All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in prevention and cancer therapy

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Published on Thursday, 25 September 2014

Abstract

Retinoids are useful pharmacological agents in therapy and prevention of cancer. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is applied in chemoprevention and differentiation therapy of some cancers with particularly impressive results in the management of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).

ATRA plays a major role in regulating growth and differentiation of a wide variety of normal and malignant cell types. ATRA mediates these effects by regulating gene transcription.

Nuclear retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are considered to be the mediators of most of the effects of ATRA on gene expression.

We present a current state of knowledge on the effects of ATRA on cell growth and differentiation as well as describe RARs and their role in the cellular mechanism of ATRA action. A particular attention was paid to the effects of ATRA on proliferation and differentiation of cancer cells.

 

 

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See also:

See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- All-Trans-Retinoic Acid (ATRA - analogues and/or derivatives) - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - All-Trans Retinoic Acid, Analogues and/or Derivatives - Approximately 60mg per day orally: 40mg per day Beta-Carotene/β-Carotene, 10mg per day ATRA and 10mg per day Axerophthol palmitate);

- Solution of retinoids in vitamin E in the Di Bella Method biological multitherapy;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Alpha tocopheryl acetate/Vitamin E, approximately 20 grams per day orally).