Effectivity of Bromocriptine Administration Towards Prolactin Positive Breast Cancer Receiving Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy: A Literature Review

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Published on Wednesday, 15 May 2024

Abstract

Breast cancer is among the deadliest gynecology cancers in the world. However, the management of advanced-stage breast cancer is often harder as a result of chemoresistance. This review aimed to discover the effect of bromocriptine on prolactin-positive breast cancer patients who received anthracycline-based chemotherapy.

It is known that anthracycline works by inhibiting topoisomerase IIα (TOP2A), forming free radicals, binding DNA, and altering cell homeostasis, hence stopping the cell cycle and inducing cell death. However, reduction of TOP2A expression and increased glutathione s-transferase (GST) and ATP-binding cassette (ATP) membrane activity increase anthracycline efflux from the cell membrane, hence reducing its effectivity.

Prolactin is one of the most common chemoresistance agents whose complex with its receptor will induce JAK/STAT pathway to increase GST. The regulation of Bcl-2 and ERK was also determined by prolactin.

Bromocriptine is an agonist of the D2 dopamine receptor that inhibits adenyl cyclase and a D1 dopamine weak antagonist. Bromocriptine could reduce prolactin serum and receptors in various cases.

Some studies have found that bromocriptine could improve the effectiveness of chemotherapy regimens, including cancer-related hyperprolactinemia, breast cancer that underwent cisplatin, and taxanes.

Therefore, bromocriptine offers potential as it could improve outcomes and reduce resistance in prolactin-positive breast cancer patients who are administered anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

 

About this publication.


 The Di Bella's Method: Use of Bromocritpine and/or Cabergoline with pseudo-Metronomic Chemotherapy (together with others chemical compounds) in Breast Cancer:

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

 

See also: 

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;


 


- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- Prolactin inhibitors in oncology - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- The Di Bella Method (A Variable Part - Omega 3 Essential/Unsaturated Fatty Acids. From 1.5 grams up to 3.0 grams per day orally);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- Publication, 2018 Jul: Over-Expression of GH/GHR in Breast Cancer and Oncosuppressor Role of Somatostatin as a Physiological Inhibitor (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2018 Sep: The over-expression of GH/GHR in tumour tissues with respect to healthy ones confirms its oncogenic role and the consequent oncosuppressor role of its physiological inhibitor, somatostatin: a review of the literature (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Aug: The Entrapment of Somatostatin in a Lipid Formulation: Retarded Release and Free Radical Reactivity (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of Somatostatin and Vitamin C on the Fatty Acid Profile of Breast Cancer Cell Membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2019 Sep: Effects of somatostatin, curcumin, and quercetin on the fatty acid profile of breast cancer cell membranes (from Di Bella's Foundation);

- Publication, 2020 Sep: Two neuroendocrine G protein-coupled receptor molecules, somatostatin and melatonin: Physiology of signal transduction and therapeutic perspectives (from Di Bella's Foundation);


The Di Bella's Method: Use of Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline - together with others chemical compounds - in several Oncological Pathologies:

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- A retrospective observational study on cases of Osteosarcomas treated with a multitherapy: The rationale and effectiveness;

- A Retrospective Observational Study on Cases of Sarcoma Treated with the Di Bella Method: Rationale and Effectiveness;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up;