Somatostatin and dopamine receptor interaction in prostate and lung cancer cell lines

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Published on Wednesday, 08 January 2014

Abstract

Somatostatin analogues inhibit in vitro cell proliferation via specific membrane receptors (SSTRs).

Recent studies on transfected cell lines have shown a ligand-induced formation of receptor dimers.

The aim of this study is 1) to evaluate the role of specific ligands in modulating receptor interactions in the androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell line, LNCaP, and in the non-small cell lung cancer line, Calu-6, by co-immunoprecipitation and immunoblot; and 2) to correlate the antiproliferative effect of these compounds with their ability in modulating receptor interactions.

In LNCaP, we have demonstrated the constitutive presence of sstr1/sstr2, sstr2/sstr5, sstr5/dopamine (DA) type 2 receptor (D₂R), and sstr2/D2R dimers.

BIM-23704 (sstr1- and sstr2-preferential compound) increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr1/sstr2 and significantly inhibited proliferation (-30.98%).

BIM-23244 (sstr2-sstr5 selective agonist) significantly increased the co-immunoprecipitation of sstr2/sstr5, and induced a -41.36% inhibition of proliferation.

BIM-23A760, a new somatostatin/DA chimeric agonist with a high affinity for sstr2 and D2R and a moderate affinity for sstr5, significantly increased the sstr5/D2R and sstr2/D2R complexes and was the most powerful in inhibiting proliferation (-42.30%).

The chimeric compound was also the most efficient in modulating receptor interaction in Calu-6, increasing the co-immunoprecipitation of D2R/sstr5 and inhibiting cell proliferation (-30.54%).

However, behind BIM-23A760, BIM-53097 (D2R-preferential compound) also significantly inhibited Calu-6 proliferation (-17.71%), suggesting a key role for D2R in receptor cross talk and in controlling cell growth.

Indeed, activation of monomeric receptors did not affect receptor co-immunoprecipitation, whereas cell proliferation was significantly inhibited when the receptors were synergistically activated.

In conclusion, our data show a dynamic ligand-induced somatostatin and DA receptor interaction, which may be crucial for the antiproliferative effects of the new analogues.

 



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See also:

- Official Web Site: The Di Bella Method;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Bromocriptine and/or Cabergoline);

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Cyclophosphamide 50mg tablets and/or Hydroxyurea 500mg tablets, one or two per day);

- Somatostatin in oncology, the overlooked evidences - In vitro, review and in vivo publications;

- The Di Bella Method (A Fixed Part - Somatostatin, Octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, analogues and/or derivatives);

- The Synergism of Somatostatin, Melatonin, Vitamins Prolactin and Estrogen Inhibitors Increased Survival, Objective Response and Performance Status In 297 Cases of Breast Cancer;

- Complete objective response, stable for 5 years, with the Di Bella Method, of multiple-metastatic carcinoma of the breast;

- Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of the first-line treatment with somatostatin combined with melatonin, retinoids, vitamin D3, and low doses of cyclophosphamide in 20 cases of breast cancer: a preliminary report;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 122 cases of breast cancer;

- Complete objective response to biological therapy of plurifocal breast carcinoma;

- Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (grade IV – WHO 2007): a case of complete objective response achieved by means of the concomitant administration of Somatostatin and Octreotide – Retinoids – Vitamin E – Vitamin D3 – Vitamin C – Melatonin – D2 R agonists (Di Bella Method – DBM) associated with Temozolomide;

- The Di Bella Method DBM improved survival objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 23 tumours of the head and neck;

- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Long-Lasting Remission with Combination of Cyclophosphamide, Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, Melatonin, and ACTH;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer patients with low performance status;

- Somatostatin, retinoids, melatonin, vitamin D, bromocriptine, and cyclophosphamide in chemotherapy-pretreated patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and low performance status;

- Observations on the Report of a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with lymph node, hepatic and osseus metastasis;

- Pleural Mesothelioma: clinical records on 11 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- Malignant pleural mesothelioma, stage T3-T4. Consideration of a case study;

- Excellent result in a Mesothelioma case treated exclusively with Di Bella Method for over 4 years and still treatment with positive results;

- A case of advanced Multiple Myeloma treated with Di Bella Method (DBM) into total remission for 13 years;

- Neuroblastoma: Complete objective response to biological treatment;

- Cyclophosphamide plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptin, Retinoids, Melatonin and ACTH in the Treatment of Low-grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas at Advanced Stage: Results of a Phase II Trial;

- Relapse of High-Grade Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Melatonin, Retinoids, and ACTH;

- Low-grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma at Advanced Stage: A Case Successfully Treated With Cyclophosphamide Plus Somatostatin, Bromocriptine, Retinoids, and Melatonin;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) improved survival, objective response and performance status in a retrospective observational clinical study on 55 cases of Lymphomas;

- Large B-cells Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage IV-AE: a Case Report;

- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Stage III-B-E: a Case Report;

- Oesophageal squamocellular carcinoma: a complete and objective response;

- Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: clinical records on 17 patients treated with Di Bella's Method;

- The Di Bella Method Increases by the 30% the survival rate for Pancreas tumors and for this reason should be proposed as first line therapy for this type of cancer;

- The Di Bella Method (DBM) in the treatment of prostate cancer: a preliminary retrospective study of 16 patients and a review of the literature;

- Congenital fibrosarcoma in complete remission with Somatostatin, Retinoids, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Melatonin, Calcium, Chondroitin sulfate associated with low doses of Cyclophosphamide in a 14-year Follow Up.